Influenza, or “the flu” is a contagious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus, which symptoms are very similar to those caused by viruses like the common cold. but unlike them, after Influenza transmission, Influenza virus can cause from just a simple cold too, in some cases, death.
Old people, kids and people with health problems or depressed immune systems have a higher risk of suffering serious complication caused by the Influenza transmission or contagion.
Influenza virus main medium of transmission is by direct contact with body fluids or other secretions (saliva, mucus, pus, blood) from an infected person, the influenza virus can also be transmitted through tiny saliva drops emitted by an infected person when coughing, sneezing, or talking, sometimes the virus can be transmitted by touching a surface previously touched by an infected person after touching its nose or mouth.
All people infected with the Influenza virus are contagious almost immediately after influenza transmission and from the day before symptoms manifest. Adults can be contagious even after 7 days from getting sick, and children can be contagious during even longer periods of time. This means that Influenza transmission can occur to other people even before the carrier of the virus can even realize he or she is sick, and also during the whole disease natural progress.
In order to avoid contagion it is recommended to follow the following steps:
- Be healthy and Keep a cleaning routine: It is important to maintain a strong immune system so the virus cannot infect our bodies
- Avoid viral exposure: Avoid direct contact with people sick with influenza and surfaces they may have touched until their symptoms finally disappear.
- Vaccination: In order to avoid contagion the best method is to get the flu shot every fall season. The body will start producing antibody after two weeks from vaccination.
If you apply these simple steps you will remain healthy and with no reasons to worry,