A brain stem stroke occurs due to blocked blood circulation between the brain and the brainstem. This leads to difficulties in speech, movement, breathing, and coordination. The treatment options and cost of recovery are easier when the stroke is addressed immediately. A delayed medical implication can make it difficult for the patient to regain a healthy body function. Further complications can occur, related to the development of serious mental and motor diseases.
The brain stem is a vital part linked to the brain, via which it sends signals across the body. The brainstem is in charge of the central nervous system’s functions, including breathing, heartbeat, and consciousness. All orders sent by the brain to the body go through the brainstem. This is why, a patient with a stroke in this area cannot raise the hand, move fingers and do other important motor tasks.
Signs of Brain Stem Stroke
Among the main signs pointing to this disease are: vertigo, cranial nerve symptoms, and bilateral hemiparesis. Vertigo implies worsened coordination. The phenomenon occurs because of the lost connection between the brain and the cerebellum, during the stroke. The second sign relates to the dilated pupil and double vision in the eyes, whose function is handled by the cranial nerve, located in the brainstem. The last sign, bilateral hemiparesis, implies a feeling of weakness on one side of the body that can move the next day, on the other side of the body.
– Difficulties in speaking
– Blurred vision
– Chewing problems
– Poor coordination
An early medical implication will ensure higher chances of restoring your body functions after a stroke. Generally, the treatment implies medications and therapy. It can be speech therapy, aimed at re-establishing some lost speech and communication abilities. Also, it can be physical therapy, implying exercises and habits’ repetition for regaining the motor function of the body.