Rheumatic heart disease is a specific heart disease that occurs when bacterial infections damage the heart valves. Streptococcus is the bacterium responsible for these infections. It is the same bacterium that causes tonsillitis (usually called a sore throat). If the condition of tonsillitis is not treated, it can lead to the spread of bacteria, which can have very serious consequences. Bacteria can penetrate the heart and cause inflammation, possibly damaging the tissue of the heart valve. The article explains more on how to prevent rheumatic heart disease.
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Signs And Symptoms
As it is now clear, streptococcus can be a great sign of danger, especially if you feel it for more than two weeks. However, in some cases, it seems that a sore throat is completely cured, but in fact, the infection is still present and continues to spread to different parts of the body. It is very likely that this bacterial infection reaches the heart in silence and causes rheumatic heart disease. Therefore, Streptococcus infection should be taken very seriously.
There is no guaranteed way to avoid such problems, but much more can be done to significantly reduce the risk of bacterial infections and resultant rheumatic complications. The main idea is to eliminate the risk of a sore throat. In addition, if a sore throat persists, you should immediately contact a doctor from the experts. Any delay in treatment can be very dangerous for heart health.
Several antibiotics can be used to treat rheumatic heart disease. You may need to take these antibiotics within six weeks. However, in the case of serious reactions and damage, the doctor may recommend surgical treatment. But these serious conditions occur only after several years of deterioration of the heart valve. If you regularly support care, your condition may not reach this level of reality.
A person suffering from the rheumatic disease should take a healthy and balanced diet, low in fat, salt, and cholesterol.
Another non-surgical option is available for patients who are weak candidates for surgical options and are called a balloon valvuloplasty. This type of non-surgical procedure for the prevention of rheumatic heart disease involves the introduction of a balloon-shaped catheter through the arteries and into the valve.