A cavity commonly appears in the back molar teeth since these areas are more difficult to clean. However, decay can develop in the front of your teeth. If it happens, it may pose cosmetic and health issues. Luckily, there are various options for front teeth cavity fillings. Our team of professionals can help you determine the ideal treatment for you. Find out more in this article about cavity fillings, including the different types, symptoms, and causes of cavities.
What is Cavity Filling?
Cavity fillings, also known as tooth or dental fillings, are the standard treatment for minor cavities.
Before a dentist puts a tooth cavity filling, they will administer a local anesthetic and remove the decayed portion of your tooth by using a dental handpiece. After that, they fill the cavity with a tooth-coloured or commonly spelled as tooth-colored filling material.
These fillings can help repair chipped, broken, or worn-down teeth. They also help close spaces in teeth where food, sugars, and bacteria can enter, preventing the advancement of tooth decay.
Types of Cavities
Cavities or dental carries are the processes that result in tooth decay. Some minor decay on the tooth may not be needing the help of a tooth filling. However, bigger cavities should get treatment to prevent further complications.
In any case, there are various classifications of cavities. These include:
I: This type of cavity develops in the pits and fissures of teeth in the biting surfaces of the back teeth.
II: These cavities form between back teeth, such as your premolars and molars.
III: These cavities form in between the front teeth, including incisors and canines, but do not develop on the biting surfaces of your front tooth.
IV: Class IV cavities also develop between the front teeth, including the biting edges of the teeth.
V: This decay occurs on the front or back teeth near the gum line.
VI: Class VI cavities develop on the biting edges of incisors, canines, and premolars and molars’ cusp tips.
Symptoms of Cavities
The early stages of cavities often do not create any side effects. However, these small holes will become more prominent if left untreated, and symptoms usually appear. Common indications of large cavities incorporate:
- Tooth Sensitivity
- Tooth Holes
- Dark stains, white spots at the early stage, but these discolourations will turn into brownish or black spots
At times, cavities are not evident on the teeth surface. So if you have tooth sensitivity or pain, a dentist will take an x-ray to check for decay.
Causes of Tooth Decay
Plaque develops because of the long-term buildup of bacteria, sugars, acid, and saliva. In fact, plaque is highly acidic and attacks your tooth enamel, causing dark spots and cavities on your teeth.
Other usual reasons for cavities incorporate:
Foods and beverages high in sugar, such as candy and fruit juices, cause cavities. White starches like bread, crackers, chips, and pasta can likewise cause holes over time.
Using Tobacco Products
Smoking or using any tobacco products can cause cavities. The role of tobacco in cavity development is that it causes dry mouth, which can prompt decay. Also, smoking can cause dark stains on the teeth over time.
Medications and Dry Mouth
Some medications can cause the mouth to dry. A dry mouth happens when the salivary glands in the mouth do not produce sufficient saliva to keep the mouth wet. Over time, cavities can develop.
Poor Oral Hygiene
Proper oral hygiene practice is the key to preventing a cavity from developing. This includes brushing two times a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. In addition, fluoride toothpaste helps prevent tooth decay.
Another essential thing is to see your dentist for regular dental checkups and cleanings. This permits your dentist to detect cavities early, forestall further decay with teeth fillings or fluoride treatment, and check for indications of gum disease.
Direct Cavity Fillings
Direct front tooth fillings are made during one office visit. In fact, there are various types of direct cavity fillings available. These include:
A composite filling is a tooth-coloured acrylic resin used to treat a cavity, chipped teeth, and broken teeth. The good thing about composite resin material is that it is strong and can blend in with your natural tooth colour.
Silver Amalgam Fillings
Silver fillings combine mercury with silver, copper, and tin. Mercury in silver amalgam filling is additionally non-toxic, solid, and stable.
In fact, a silver filling is the strongest and most durable direct filling available today. It can last up to 5 to 10 years longer than composite resin filling. Additionally, amalgam restorations are the most inexpensive cavity filling accessible. In any case, amalgam fillings are not as aesthetically pleasing as composite resins.
Glass Ionomer Fillings
Glass ionomer fillings come in two forms:
Conventional Glass Ionomers (CGIs) are another tooth-coloured restoration produced using ion-leachable glass particles and polymerizable acids. CGIs likewise release fluoride to prevent future cavities. However, they are not as strong as amalgam or composite resin fillings.
Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer (RMGI’s) are comparable to CGIs. However, with more strength and extra acrylic resins. As a matter of fact, these fillings are commonly suitable to treat decayed teeth in baby teeth.
Though glass ionomer fillings are also tooth-coloured, they are still not as aesthetic and versatile as composite.
Indirect Cavity Fillings
Indirect fillings are typically produced in a dental laboratory. Dentists customize these fillings for each patient, relying upon their needs, tooth structure, and seriousness of tooth decay. Typical kinds of indirect cavity fillings include:
Porcelain fillings are tooth-coloured restorations that imitate the colour and function of natural teeth. In fact, the shade of porcelain and natural teeth are almost alike.
In addition, these fillings are durable and less likely to crack than composite fillings. They are great for patients who require a long-lasting treatment with aesthetics at the forefront.
Gold cavity fillings are the most substantial indirect fillings accessible. They secure weakened teeth cusps due to trauma, fracture, decay, or deep cavities.
Unlike porcelain and composite fillings, gold fillings are not aesthetically satisfying. Yet, they are stronger and less likely to damage over the long haul.
Looking For A Qualified Dentist To Fill Cavities
Pediatric dentists, family dentists, and general dentists are the leading providers of dental fillings for children and adults. They can also perform other treatments like dental cleanings, restorations, and sealants.
In addition to leading providers, the expense will depend on the type of filling and the dentist’s area. Luckily, part or most of the dental filling procedure is covered by dental insurance since fillings are a treatment used to address cavities or trauma-related dental conditions.
Uses, types, and risks of local anesthesia.
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