A successful oral surgery depends on keeping the mouth as clean as possible.The lifespan of dental components is mostly associated with oral tissue and implant components that’s why, a proper maintenance for dental implants is vital. The first fracture of the implant-tissue interface starts in the coastal region of successfully integrated endosteal implants. When it becomes worst, it leads to an implant bone loss. This usually happens due to certain factors so, keep on reading as we go through each one of them.
The following are the causes of implant bone loss
1. Surgical Trauma
Implants failing due to surgical trauma contain an apical extension of the junction epithelium or are mostly surrounded with fibrous connective tissues.
High pressure during implant at the crystal region and heat generated when drilling and when elevating the periosteal flap can lead to loss of implant-bone on the healing period.
2. Occlusal Overload
Occlusal overload normally results in loss of marginal bone or deosseintegration of a successfully osseointegrated bone implants.
Unlike the natural teeth, osseointegrated implants AR usually ankylosed to the nearby bone with no periodontal ligament which contains the mechanoreceptors and shock absorbers.
Peri-implantitis occur due to breaking down of the equilibrium between the host and the parasite.Clinical features of peri-implantitis include bleeding after probing gently, redness and mucosal swelling and peri-implant pocket formation associated with radiographic bone loss.
In implant dentistry, there are two ways to do endosseous dental implants, including submerged and non – submerged implants. In submerged implant systems, when the abutment has been connected, a micro gap exists between the abutment and the implant at the alveolar crest.
In non-submerged implants, the implant extends just above the crest level of the alveolar, hence such microgap cannot exist at the bone level.
5. Crest Module Considerations
Crest module refers to the implant transosteal region which serves as the region receiving the crystal stress to the implant after fixing. This region of the implant is always designed to reduce the accumulation of plague. It also acts as the transition zone to the load carrying the structure of the implant in the submerged implants.
Due to all the terrible effects of losing bone, the best thing to do is to maintain good oral hygiene and regular visit to your dentist.