Fungal sinusitis is an inflammation of lining mucosa of paranasal sinuses because of fungal infection. It usually happens to people who have reduced immunity. The most commonly involved is maxillary sinus. Fungi which is responsible for the fungal sinusitis are Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus fumigatus. Fungal sinusitis happens mostly to middle-aged population. Diabetes mellitus become the common risk factor which is involved. Visit the team of AURhinoplasty clinic to learn more about nose condition.

Here are some types of fungal sinusitis.  

Saprophytic Fungus

It happens when mold or fungus grows on top of mucous or mucous crusts inside a nose. At this situation, the fungus does not infect the nasal tissue, and it’s only living off a mucus in someone’s nose. This cannot cause any new symptoms which are not there, and treatment is just removing the crusts with the nasal washes or using other methods.

Allergic Fungal Sinusitis

allergic fungal sinusitisThis type of fungal sinusitis is as a result of allergic reactions to any particular type of fungi and typically happens in patients who their immune system works well. Patients can only notice the allergic-like symptoms of nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose. As Allergic Fungal Sinusitis gets worse, it may cause sinuses to be filled with the thick mucus. Finally, the sinuses will grow bigger and begin changing the appearance of the face and eyes. Surgery is needed to treat this type of sinusitis, and if done without continuous medical therapy after that, recurrence is frequent.

Fungus Ball

The fungus ball is caused when the fungus is caught in any sinuses, forming the clumps material which often contains the bacteria too. It’s mostly in the maxillary, sinus, or cheek, and occurs typically to patients who the immune system is functioning well. Typically, you will not get symptoms, only slight discomfort up to when fungus ball grows large to block the sinus. This type of fungal sinusitis needs a simple surgery which can open and also wash out sinus.