You are at risk of being infected with Tuberculosis disease if you come into contact with persons with active, latent infection who cough. When they are coughing, they release TB bacteria into the atmosphere. The risk of being infected with TB usually increase for health workers, intravenous drug users, individuals who either work or live in a homeless shelter, prison/jail, migrant farm camp and maybe a nursing home. Book a home visit from your doctor to have your checkup.
Risk factor for tuberculosis
Majority of people who get infected with TB bacteria don’t develop the active Tuberculosis disease. There are certain factors that increase the risk that Tuberculosis will, later on, develop into an active illness.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Being infected with the virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. Once it enters your body, it weakens your immune system, and the body becomes prone to diseases
- Low body weight
- Leukemia, neck or head cancer or maybe Hodgkin’s infection
- Certain medications that reduce the immune system in the body for instance corticosteroids
- Silicosis (condition of respiration) that results from inhaling dust of silica
- Drug users
- Severe disease of the kidney
- Organ transplants
It’s important to note that people who have been infected recently with bacteria that cause TB are not limited to the following.
- People with very close contact with persons suffering from active tuberculosis infection
- Individuals who have immigrated for regions or parts of the world with a high rate of Tuberculosis disease.
- Infants who are below five years and who have been tested and approved to have a positive tuberculosis test
- Groups of persons with a high rate of transmission of TB infection
Note that, clinical trials and reports have shown that Tuberculosis disease is usually seen in adult and mature populations. The truth is that the risk keeps on increasing with age. Nonetheless, infants in homesteads with an active tuberculosis case may suffer from or be at risk of the disease.