Do you know the causes, types, risks, and symptoms of a chronic lung disease? There are several types of chronic lungs diseases that are likely to affect the blood circulation system, lung tissues, and airways as discussed below. People suffering from lung diseases should always be monitored by highly trained and qualified doctors.

Asthma

Do you have an idea of what triggers asthma? Dust, pollution, allergen, exercise, and stress are the main causes. Other risks of getting infected are smoking and being overweight. Symptoms of asthma include coughing, wheezing, taking inadequate air while breathing in, feeling of chest tightness.

smoker with chronic lung disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

This disease inflames the lungs and makes it very difficult to breath. Lungs are also thickened due to overproduction of mucus making the alveoli ineffective at breathing in and out. It is commonly caused by smoking. Some of the symptoms include coughing mucus, chest tightness, frequent coughing.

Interstitial lung disease

This disease can be inherited. Smoking can be a major cause of the same.

Other factors are: Radiology done for treating cancer, heart pills and antibiotics. Types of interstitial lung disease include: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, bronchiolitis obliterans, langerhans cell histiocytosis. The symptoms include difficulties in breathing, dry cough.

Pulmonary hypertension

Possible causes of pulmonary hypertension are being overweight, usage of illegal drugs or it can be hereditary. Symptoms are rapid heart rate, fatigue, dizziness, chest pain

Chronic pneumonia

This infection is caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria. Smokers are also at a higher risk of getting infected. Other causes include surgery, weakened immune system. Symptoms may include coughing blood, lymph nodes swelling, lasting fever
As discussed above, smoking can cause almost all types of lung infections. It is therefore, advisable to quit smoking before it damages your lungs. Staying away from any pollutants can also save you from getting infected. Remember prevention is better than cure.