A cerebral vascular disease is a group of conditions that lead to some cerebrovascular events like for instance a stroke. The blood vessels are affected by these events reducing the supply of blood to the brain. Brain damage can result from many different ways; maybe if a blockage happens, hemorrhage or malformation preventing the cells of the brain from getting enough oxygen. This disease can develop in different ways; this includes atherosclerosis and deep vein thrombosis, whereby there is the buildup of plaque in the heart arteries. Other types of cerebrovascular diseases other than stroke include vascular malformations, aneurysms, and transient ischemic attack. Others include blockage or narrowing in the carotid, vertebral arteries or intracranial.
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The symptom of this disease normally depends on how much cerebral tissue got affected and where the damage or blockage happens as different events happening to patient results in different impacts to the body. But then, the common signs for this include confusion, loss of half of the vision, sudden and severe headache, having difficulties in communicating, paralysis of one body side, loss of consciousness and loss of balance.
How it’s treated
Specific treatment for a person depends upon the type of event you suffering from. However, any type of treatment majorly centers on improving the blood flow to the brain. The doctor will be there to choose you an appropriate treatment option based on what brought about the loss of blood flow to the brain. Most cases however of this disorder are treated with medications. Among them include the blood thinners, cholesterol and blood pressure medications.
These medications are administered to individuals whose arteries are not such much narrowed or blocked. Normally the ones that are less than 50%. For cases of individuals experiencing more severe cases, surgery can be the option to go with. This will be carried out in an attempt of removing blockages or plaque or also inserting a stent.