Inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract include rhinitis, sinusitis, adenoiditis, and tonsillitis. These diseases are widespread: they occur in every fourth inhabitant of our planet. Visit website to find out more about acute vs chronic diseases.
Rhinitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nasal cavity. Rhinitis can manifest itself in both acute and chronic forms. Acute rhinitis occurs as a result of exposure to the nasal mucosa of a bacterial or viral infection. Often this form of rhinitis is associated with various infectious diseases. In acute rhinitis, the tissues of the nasal region swell.
Chronic rhinitis is usually the result of acute rhinitis. The epithelium of the nasal cavity changes and there is a decrease or complete absence of smell in smell and nasal congestion. In chronic rhinitis, the mucous membrane becomes thinner, and mucous discharge is constantly observed. With this kind of disease, conservative treatment such as nasal drops, sprays or ointments can be used.
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. It can occur in both acute and chronic form. The symptoms of acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis include fever, general malaise, headache, nasal congestion and abundant mucous discharge from the nasal cavity. The treatment for acute sinusitis is the conservative way of treatment while in chronic sinusitis, a surgical method is required.
In most cases, adenoiditis affects children aged 3 to 10 years. Adenoids appear as a result of inflammation of the tonsils or nasal mucosa, which is caused by such infectious diseases as influenza, measles, scarlet fever.
The negative effects of adenoids on the body do not always correspond to their size. The first symptoms of adenoiditis include difficulty breathing and nasal mucous discharge. Difficulty in breathing leads to problems with sleep, fatigue, memory impairment, a decrease in academic performance (in school children), changes in voice and nasal sense, impairment of hearing, and constant headaches.
Chronic tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils that has developed into a chronic form. In most cases, chronic tonsillitis occurs in children. The causes of chronic tonsillitis are bacterial and fungal infections that affect the palatine tonsils, which are exacerbated by negative environmental effects. Prolonged exposure to pathogenic microflora on the tonsils in combination with the general weakness of the body leads to chronic tonsillitis. There are two forms of chronic tonsillitis: compensated and decompensated. Patients with a compensated form of chronic tonsillitis have bad breath, pain, dryness, and tingling in the throat. In patients with decompensated chronic tonsillitis, recurrences of sore throats, headaches, fatigue and decreased performance occur. With a compensated form of chronic tonsillitis and in the presence of contraindications to surgeries, conservative treatment is used. With decompensation, as well as in cases where conservative treatment has not yielded results, surgical treatment (tonsillectomy) is used. As a rule, with timely detection and adequate treatment of chronic tonsillitis is well cured.